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Lot 6386: A large archive relating to the Greco-Turkish War 1897
02 November 2016
Munich, Bavaria, GermanyLive Auction
Description: 56 documents, a few in French and English, the majority in Greek, mainly correspondence and telegrams between the Greek government or the Navy Ministry in Athens and the Greek fleet, in particular letters and telegrams sent by and to the commander of the Greek fleet, Admiral Sachtouris on the battleship Hydra, but also various notes, documents, etc. from the years 1896/1897. Including: crew lists of the battleship Hydra, which accompanied the first transports of troops to Crete on 25 January 1897, some signed by Captain Vokos and Chief Officer Canaris, deployment of the Greek fleet, telegram form with the names of the commanders of the 27 battleships, calculations regarding the manning level on the ships, lists of injured men, secret telegram of the government to Fleet Commander Sachtouris, telegrams of Genadiou Reineck and Paul Kountouriotis to the Navy Ministry, report to the Navy Ministry to save the Christians of Chania and Rethymnon (30 January 1897), doctor's report on medical deliveries (1 February 1897), various reports by Admiral Sachtouris to the Navy Ministry on the lack of coal and request for delivery of 400 t (20 February 1897), on Turkish ships and their positions, discussions on commands (10 March 1897), artillery training and shooting tests (23 March 1897), criticism concerning the ship's armament, confirmation of the execution of commands, requisitions of firearms and crews (13 March 1897), the concentration of torpedo boats near Skiathos (15 March 1897), report on the pursuit of Turkish ships that did not take place for lack of coals (16 March 1897), telegrams of the commander of Chania, telegram of Reineck concerning the capture of ten Turkish ships (29 January 1897), letter by the rebels addressed to Sachtouris with nine signatures (10 February 1897), three telegrams of Commander Georgios concerning safety deficiencies, ship spare parts and torpedoes, telegram of the Greek Foreign Ministry regarding the torpedo fire near Thessaloniki (11 March 1897), documents on the arrival of the battleship Spetses in Piraeus (4 February 1897), appeal of the allied forces to the population of Crete (23 February 1897), unofficial resolution of the Greek Prime Minister Theodoros Deligiannis and his council of six ministers on the Greco-Turkish War (23 February 1897), declaration by the allied forces to the effect that they had put the town of Chania under their protection (15 February 1897), letter by the commander of the occupation army and the ship Moira, T. Vassos, stating that he would not attack the fortifications that were under the protection of the great powers (21 February 1897). The Greco-Turkish War over Crete was sparked by an uprising of the Greek Orthodox majority population against the Turkish sovereignty over the island in May 1896. Greece favoured the rioters, while Russia, France, England and Italy supported the Ottomans for fear of new disturbances on the Balkans. On 15 February 1897, Greek troops landed on Crete, escorted by the battleship "Hydra", where the war had commenced on 7 February. The war ended with the Ottoman victory, the Greek troops under Crown Prince Constantine were severely defeated both on Crete and in Thessalia. The Ottoman troops had undergone a restructuring by German military advisors immediately before their victory. Under the pressure of the European great powers Crete was granted wide-ranging autonomy in the peace treaty concluded on 4 December 1897, and the island was declared an international protectorate under the rule of Prince George of Greece.
Condition Report: II