Lot 229: c. 1780 Portrait Engraving of GENERAL GEORGE TOWNSHEND, 1st Marquess Townshend

Early American

October 29, 2016
Rancho Santa Fe, CA, US

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Description: American Revolution
Choice Portrait Engraving of General George Townshend
c. 1780 Revolutionary War Era, Portrait Engraving titled "GENERAL TOWNSHEND" of General Townshend, by Miller Sculp., Choice Extremely Fine.
c. 1780 Portrait Engraving of General George Townshend, measures about 8" tall x 5" wide in excellent condition. Field Marshal George Townshend, 1st Marquis Townshend, PC (1724-807), known as The Viscount Townshend from 1764 to 1787, was a British Field Marshal. A choice image.
Townshend was the son of Charles Townshend, 3rd Viscount Townshend, and Audrey Ethelreda Harrison. Charles Townshend, the prominent British politician, was his younger brother, and Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, his first cousin. Educated at St. John's College, Cambridge, Townshend was commissioned into the Sir John Cope's Regiment in 1745.

He fought at the Battle of Culloden during the Jacobite Rising in 1745 and the Battle of Lauffeld during the War of the Austrian Succession in 1747. He served as a brigadier in Quebec, under General James Wolfe; when the latter died, and his second-in-command (Robert Monckton) was wounded, Townshend took command of the British forces during the siege of Quebec. He received Quebec City's surrender on 18 September 1759. However, he held General Wolfe in much contempt (drawing Wolfe in caricature he created Canada's first cartoon), and was harshly criticized upon his return to Great Britain for that reason (Wolfe was a popular hero throughout the country).

Nonetheless, he was promoted major general on 6 March 1761 and fought at the Battle of Villinghausen. In 1762 he took command of a division of the Anglo-Portuguese army with the local rank of lieutenant-general, against the Spanish invasion of Portugal. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1767-1772.

In 1779, Fort Townshend, was begun by Governor Richard Edwards, naming it after Townshend, who was then Master-General of the Ordnance (1772-1782 and 1783-1784) and responsible for the construction of fortifications. The Fort includes the Government House of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Townshend was promoted to General in 1782, and elevated to the marquessate in 1787. He was Governor of the Royal Hospital Chelsea from 1795 until 1796. He became a field marshal on 30 July 1796, and was appointed Governor of Jersey until 1806.
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