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Lot 8065: Eagle Shield of the German Reich - awarded to Reich Transport Minister Dr. Julius Dorpmüller
04 November 2016
Munich, Bavaria, GermanyLive Auction
Description: Large cast bronze medallion. 2nd Type, the obverse with national eagle and swastika, dedication inscription "JULIUS DORPMÜLLER DEM ERNEUERER DES DEUTSCHEN VERKEHRSWESENS DER FÜHRER UND REICHSKANZLER 24.VII.1939." ([To] Julius Dorpmüller the Restorer of the German Transport System [from] the Führer and Reich Chancellor 24.VII. 1939). Diameter 109.5 mm. Weight 423.5 g. The final issue plinth is included, support mandrel concealed by a shell decor with foundry name "H.NOACK BERLIN". Height 77.7. mm. Width 103 mm. Weight 550 g. Both are together in their original award presentation case of brown Morocco leather with wine-red velvet insert and security push closure. Included is a signed portrait postcard of Dorpmüller. From its institution in 1922 by Reich President Friedrich Ebert, the Eagle Shield of the German Reich was per the constitution the highest award of the "orders-less" Weimar Republic. With National Socialism it became the highest award bestowed for Art and Culture, the Humanities and Natural Sciences almost to the end of the "Thousand Year Reich". The original form of the Weimar eagle was designed by Munich sculptor and medals maker Joseph Wackerle (1880 - 1959), but this was altered with a national eagle and swastika at the beginning of 1938. The reverse inscription was designed by Berlin graphic artist and font designer Karl-Tobias Schwab (1887 - 1967), the casting executed by the Hermann Noack foundry in Berlin-Friedenau. The enormously high status of this award, which prior to the introduction in 1937 of the National Prize for Art and Science was bestowed as a substitute for and in parallel with the Nobel Prize, corresponds with the mere 63 awards made through the end of the Third Reich. Fewer than ten examples of the 2nd Type with swastika and "DER FÜHRER UND REICHSKANZLER" ("DER FÜHRER" only from 1940) would be produced. A consummately crafted object of contemporary history, of museum-worthy importance! Commendably and exhaustively researched by Wolfgang Steguweit and comprehensively published in: O&E, Jahrbuch des BDOS 2002 (O&E, Annual of the BDOS, 2002). Julius Heinrich Dorpmüller (1869 - 1945), Doctor of Engineering (honoris causa) of the Aachen Technical College in 1925, was a skilled railroad engineer, politician and General Director of the German National Railway from 1926 until his death. From 1937 he was also Reich Transport Minister and from May 1945 Reich Postal Minister. He was a member of the Academy for German Law, of the Prussian State Council (1937), an honorary holder of the Golden Party Badge of the NSDAP, a Pioneer of Labour and a wearer of the Knight’s Cross of the War Merit Cross with Swords as well as the Dr. Fritz Todt Ring, awarded only three times.
Condition Report: I - II
Drittes Reich Zeitgeschichte
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