Description: PIERCE, FRANKLIN. (1804-1869). Free frank as president. (“Free Franklin Pierce”). 1p. 12mo. (Washington, January 29, N.y. [ca. 1851]). Signed on an envelope addressed in his hand to his brother HENRY DEARBORN PIERCE (1812-1882). ********** The son of New Hampshire’s governor, Pierce studied law before enjoying a varied career in state and national politics. In 1832, he was elected to Congress, and four years later, he earned a Senate seat that he held until 1837. In 1846, President Polk offered Pierce the office of Attorney General, but Pierce declined, observing that when he had resigned from the Senate, he had done so with the express purpose never to be separated from his family again except to serve his country during war, which he did the following year when he was commissioned as a colonel during the Mexican American War. In 1852, against great odds, he was elected president. Despite overseeing the territorial expansion of the United States, Pierce’s presidency was marked by political discord, and the Democratic Party failed to nominate him for reelection. He is routinely cited as one of America’s worst presidents. ********** Pierce’s youngest brother pursued a military career attaining the rank of colonel before returning to the family farm in Hillsborough, New Hampshire, where our envelope is addressed, and becoming active in town government. ********** With a black-ink postmark in the left portion of the envelope and in very fine condition.
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