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Lot 25: IRON SCULPTURE OF A MARICI (ZHUNTI 準 提) ENTHRONED ON A BOAR
19 November 2016
Vienna, Vienna, AustriaLive Auction
Iron. China, Ming, approx. 15th century
WITH DOUBLE-GOURD MARK. An extraordinarily rare form of the guardian deity going by the Sanskrit name Marici, who is also a Boddhisattva in Mahayana Buddhism. She is presented as a Bodhisattva in the work at hand, but also with rare iconography showing her as a one-headed, two-armed ashokakanta seated in lalitasana on a sukara (boar). In China she is known under the names Zhunti and also Tianhou天后, “Queen of Heaven”. She is a Bodhisattva (Pusa) that appears in many different forms and can have several heads simultaneously (among others a boar’s head), numerous arms and also appear as a warrior (especially in Daoism). At times she is depicted riding a chariot pulled by seven boars. Ashokakanta can also be ashokaghanta when she holds the ghanta (bell) and an ashoka-tree branch attributes. In this very rare depiction the boar is standing on a wide lotus base with large leaves in a rows. The animal has a fierce appearance, especially due to the mane spiked towards the back. Enchanting and at the same time very characterful facial features, which radiate the noble spirit of a Pusa (菩薩). Above the nose is a small urna. Very finely formed hairline, chain adornments around the neck reaching down to the naval, as well as arms and feet. The breasts, which are rarely shown naked as they are here, are delicate yet with a slight maiden-like swelling. The attributes held are the branch of an ashoka-tree (missing) and a bell which is also a symbol of femininity and wisdom. The chignon is adorned with jewels at the front and back, and small garlands hang from a band around the head. Severe corrosion due to age and rust-brown to black patina due to the properties of iron. A mark on the back is not legible, presumably seal-script within a double-gourd border. Very well-preserved, the hand in front of the chest has been restored.
HEIGHT 39 CM
From a German private collection, afterwards collection Sohel Ch., New-Delhi - Vienna
準提鐵像. 中國, 明代. 高 39 厘米.
A noteworthy share of the antiques offered here – around 130 lots – originate from the Collection Sohel Ch., a successful business man from Delhi who spent many years in Vienna. The part of his collection, which we here offer, was mainly acquired in the art trade of Vienna. The chief reason for his collecting activity, which he perpetuated with considerable specialized knowledge, sense for quality and great committment, was to establish a private Asian museum in his native city of New Delhi. Because of severe illness, it was impossible for him to realize his plan and he thus decided to submit us the entire complex of his "Viennese collection" for sale.
來自 Sohel Ch. 先生的舊藏
這本圖錄所紀錄的藝術品的大部分（約130件）來自 Sohel Ch. 先生的舊藏。這位收藏家是個來自新德里的古董拒買，曾有數年住在維也納。這次所介紹的藝術品主要來自他的維也納分點。他數十年的努力，知識和質量敏感都曾進入他的收藏活動，結果之一為在其城市，新德里，收藏到了一個原來屬於私人亞洲美術館的收藏的全部藏品。很不幸的是這位收藏家最近生病極為嚴重，無法實現自己原來對藝術藏品的願望，結果把全部維也納分店的收藏提供給拍賣公司給以賣出。