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Lot 77: JFK's Autograph Notes for a 1960 Presidential Campaign Speech Mentioning the "New Frontier"
Presidential Letters, Free Franks & Speeches: Washington to Bush + Important Autographs in History, Science & the Arts
26 October 2016
New York, NY, USALive Auction
Description: Kennedy’s Autograph Notes for a 1960 Presidential Campaign Speech Mentioning the “New Frontier” ********** KENNEDY, JOHN F. (1917-1963). Thirty-fifth president of the United States. AMs. Unsigned. 1p. 4to. (Los Angeles, September 9, 1960). Kennedy’s handwritten notes for his speech at a September 9, 1960 rally in Los Angeles, penned on the verso of the first page of his original typed speech, entitled “Pathways to Peace,” delivered from the rear platform of a train in Fresno on the same day that mentions the 110th anniversary of California’s admission to the Union. ********** 110 Anniversary [?] Franklin Pierce Stretch T. Jefferson ... 110th… Things as they were... In 1790 - T[homas] J[efferson]. … Madison - … To ask you to join me on … The path toward the new frontier... The question … … time for decision Hard tough question... Which candidate and which party Should be trusted with the McKinley / in the 1960s … question mark … New Freedom / Statements one year … (1) economic growth (2) (3) human rights ********** After attending Harvard and becoming a naval war hero in 1945, Kennedy began his political career by representing his Massachusetts district in the U.S. House of Representatives and becoming a U.S. Senator in 1953. “Campaigning as his own man from 1957 on, Kennedy had traveled far and wide, and he had grown as a speaker and campaigner,” (“JFK’s 1960 Campaign,” www.pophistorydig.com, Doyle). He officially announced his intention to run for president in January 1960 and received his party’s nomination at the Democratic National Convention, held in Los Angeles in July. JFK “also learned a great deal about the American people and his party. According to aides Kenny O’Donnell and Dave Powers, from late August 1960 until the first Tuesday in November, JFK traveled to speaking appearances and rallies in 237 cities. [His opponent Richard] Nixon, by their count, went to 168 cities,” (ibid.) On September 9, 1960, he delivered remarks at 16 stops, including Fresno, California. The day’s events culminated with a rally at Los Angeles’ Shrine Auditorium where two months earlier Kennedy attended a NAACP rally led by Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. At the Shrine rally, Kennedy gave a speech that mentioned Thomas Jefferson and James Madison’s Northern Tour of 1791 through New York and New England, the “great question” of slavery which Abraham Lincoln faced as president, the weak slogans of past Republican presidents including McKinley, the strong slogans of Democratic presidents such as Woodrow Wilson’s “New Freedom,” his own “New Frontier” for the United States, economic growth, and human rights, expressions all sketched out in the present manuscript. Kennedy’s “New Frontier” slogan became the phrase that was to sum up his administration’s idealism and optimism. ********** Folded and creased with a staple hole in the upper margin and overall light wear; in fine condition. Accompanied by the printed lyrics of Kennedy’s campaign song, “High Hopes,” re-written by Sammy Cahn and James Van Heusen, and distributed at the Los Angeles rally with the heading “Hold On To This - We’ll Sing It Later.”