Lot 21: Large earthenware jar in a reddish colour, with very interesting decoration
27 October 2016
Barcelona, SpainLive Auction
Important Judaica jar. Large earthenware jar in a reddish colour, with very interesting decoration stamped into it, with star of David motifs on one side and pentagrams - five-pointed stars - on the other. Toledo. 14th century.
According to the different typology from Toledo jar studied by José Aguado Villalba, this jar can be classified as group III due to the following characteristics: Globular profile, tapering slightly, neck and handles, the base is very narrow. The decoration is carved, incised and some is stamped. Dating from the 13th/14th century. Very few examples of this type remain. The oldest document about pottery from Toledo was written in the year 1066, the date of the death of its author, Abu-Chafar Ahmed ben Mohamed Ben Mogeits from Toledo. This curious document can be found in the Academy of History Library. It is an form of "Inventory of the Ceramic Store" and decorated jars are mentioned in it for the first time. These decorated jars from Toledo have been proved to exist since the 11th century, but as the models are so similar, and as so few of them have survived until now, often only the dimensions of the jar can help with dating them, the smaller sizes being older. This jar is unique because of its state of preservation and its decoration. Museums such as the Victoria & Albert in London, or the Hispanic Society in New York and the Archaeological Museums of Madrid and Toledo have similar medieval jars. The lot includes a report on a thermoluminescence dating test carried out in April 2016 by the CIRAM laboratory (Technopole Bordeaux Montesquieu). Bibliography: "Medieval Spanish, Islamic and Mudejar jars " by José Aguado Villalba. Published by CSIC. Toledo Council. 1991. 44 x 44 cm.