Lot 194: LARGE HEAD OF BUDDHA GAUTAMA
19 November 2016
Vienna, Vienna, AustriaLive Auction
Black shist. India, Gandhara, ca. 3rd to 4th century
This early head of a Buddha is surprisingly well preserved and of exceptional artistic quality. It shows the use the early characteristics of the representation of the enlightened at that time. Above all this includes the wavy hair, the ushnisha, which is clearly still a tied topknot, as well as the thin moustache. Features that disappeared completely later on. Typical for Gandhara is the barely lowered but slightly transfigured gaze of the relatively large eyes, the upper eyelids strongly protruding and sharp at the edges. Thus the formation of shadows on the eyeball is enhanced and that increases plasticity and effect of life. The nose is straight and there is an urna above the nasal root, which was also unusual later on. The unique soft and youthful face (also characteristic of Gandhara art) enhances the impression of a natural living being. The stylisation of later Buddha likenesses into systematic, spiritual ideals is not present here.
The breakage on the neck shows the texture of the schist. The head stood against a wall, which is apparent from the roughly-hewn surface on the back on the head. The tip of the nose is restored and it is possible that there has been small restoration work on the earlobes. The head stands on a heavy pedestal made of similar dark grey granite.
PEDESTAL HEIGHT 24,5 CM, HEIGHT (WITHOUT PEDESTAL) 32,4 CM
We obtained this head from a Dutch collection through Christie’s auction house around 1985 and it has been displayed in our catalogue "Buddhist and other sculptures" of 1986 and described under No. 2. The head was subsequently part of the collection of a Carinthian architect, subsequently in the collection of Sohel Ch., New Delhi – Vienna
A noteworthy share of the antiques offered here – around 130 lots – originate from the Collection Sohel Ch., a successful business man from Delhi who spent many years in Vienna. The part of his collection, which we here offer, was mainly acquired in the art trade of Vienna. The chief reason for his collecting activity, which he perpetuated with considerable specialized knowledge, sense for quality and great committment, was to establish a private Asian museum in his native city of New Delhi. Because of severe illness, it was impossible for him to realize his plan and he thus decided to submit us the entire complex of his "Viennese collection" for sale.
來自 Sohel Ch. 先生的舊藏
這本圖錄所紀錄的藝術品的大部分（約130件）來自 Sohel Ch. 先生的舊藏。這位收藏家是個來自新德里的古董拒買，曾有數年住在維也納。這次所介紹的藝術品主要來自他的維也納分點。他數十年的努力，知識和質量敏感都曾進入他的收藏活動，結果之一為在其城市，新德里，收藏到了一個原來屬於私人亞洲美術館的收藏的全部藏品。很不幸的是這位收藏家最近生病極為嚴重，無法實現自己原來對藝術藏品的願望，結果把全部維也納分店的收藏提供給拍賣公司給以賣出。
Lots 186 - 195 offer rare sculptures and reliefs from Gandhara, formerly West India, Pakistan today. Gandhara was a province in the old Greco-Bactrian Empire. The Hellenistic influence arrived there as a result of the campaigns of Alexander the Great. In Gandhara originated the first Buddha depictions in history. They are singular is the integration of Indian and Greco-Roman style – interestingly, the iconography of the depictions of that time have remained unchanged up to present day. Buddha depictions of Gandhara count among the great rarities in the art market.