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Lot 208: THE SAINT MAHAVIRA
19 November 2016
Vienna, Vienna, AustriaLive Auction
Yellow bronze. India, approx. 16th to 18th century
Mahavira is the founder of the Jain religion, which developed parallel to Buddhism. He is the only historical “saint” out of the 24 “tirthankara” which are worshipped by the Jains. The iconography associated with Mahavira is the lion on the lotus pedestal. Mahavira (lit. “Great Hero”) stands in degambara naked. He has strong shoulders, both his hands hang downwards and his male genitals are depicted in detail. Particularly striking is his head with delicate and vivid facial features, very fine incised eyebrows radiating his spirituality. The locks of hair resemble those in depictions of Buddha – spirals, but here engraved more thoroughly. The hourglass shaped base is also well-worked and holds a lotus-leaf crest in the lower section and bears smooth and ribbed decorations on the upper part. The small smiha on the front is amusing and quite lively, with one paw raised. Quadratic base. Very good olive-green patina, minimal bruises on the pedestal, otherwise very good condition.
HEIGHT 22,6 CM
From a private German collection, afterwards collection Sohel Ch., New Delhi – Vienna
A noteworthy share of the antiques offered here – around 130 lots – originate from the Collection Sohel Ch., a successful business man from Delhi who spent many years in Vienna. The part of his collection, which we here offer, was mainly acquired in the art trade of Vienna. The chief reason for his collecting activity, which he perpetuated with considerable specialized knowledge, sense for quality and great committment, was to establish a private Asian museum in his native city of New Delhi. Because of severe illness, it was impossible for him to realize his plan and he thus decided to submit us the entire complex of his "Viennese collection" for sale.
來自 Sohel Ch. 先生的舊藏
這本圖錄所紀錄的藝術品的大部分（約130件）來自 Sohel Ch. 先生的舊藏。這位收藏家是個來自新德里的古董拒買，曾有數年住在維也納。這次所介紹的藝術品主要來自他的維也納分點。他數十年的努力，知識和質量敏感都曾進入他的收藏活動，結果之一為在其城市，新德里，收藏到了一個原來屬於私人亞洲美術館的收藏的全部藏品。很不幸的是這位收藏家最近生病極為嚴重，無法實現自己原來對藝術藏品的願望，結果把全部維也納分店的收藏提供給拍賣公司給以賣出。
Note: A quite similar example (height not noted) can be found in “Der Indische Raum”, H. Münsterberg, on page 147 (without the lion, ascribed to the 8th century)