Lot 357: Vermont & The Underground Railroad
29 October 2016
Wells, ME, USA
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Description: Titus Hutchinson (born April 29, 1771, Grafton, Massachusetts; died August 24, 1857, Woodstock, Vermont) was an American lawyer, politician, and judge in the state of Vermont. He served on the Vermont Supreme Court from 1825 to 1833 and as Chief Judge from 1831-1833. Hutchinson held strong anti-slavery views and was a part of the Underground Railroad helping slaves escape to Canada; an underground tunnel existed from his house in Woodstock to nearby Kedron Brook. After opening a law office in his home in Woodstock, Vermont in 1799, Hutchinson had a successful practice. In 1801 he was appointed postmaster and held that office for three years; in 1803 he was appointed United States Attorney for the Vermont District and remained in that office for ten years. Between 1804 and 1825 he represented Woodstock in the legislature nine times. In 1810 he became one of the Trustees of the University of Vermont. Hutchinson served as District Attorney from 1813 to 1821. In 1824 he was a candidate for U.S. Senate, coming in third. In 1825 he was selected for the Vermont Supreme Court by the legislature and remained there until 1833, for the last three years as Chief Judge. Hutchinson was probably removed from his position on the Vermont Supreme Court due to his involvement with the Anti-Masonic Party. He was almost elected United States representative in 1833, winning the highest vote total in the general election and the first runoff, but losing in the second runoff to Horace Everett. Hutchinson became involved with the abolitionist Liberty Party and was their candidate for governor of Vermont in 1841; he received 6% of the vote and deprived the other candidates of a majority, sending the election to the state legislature. He ran on the Liberty ticket for United States representative three times (in 1843, 1844, and 1846), receiving as much as 15% of the vote and twice forcing a runoff election by depriving Whig Jacob Collamer of a majority. Hutchinson served as a presidential elector twice, for John Quincy Adams in 1824 and William Henry Harrison in 1836. Hutchinson held strong anti-slavery views and was a part of the Underground Railroad helping slaves escape to Canada; an underground tunnel existed from his house in Woodstock to nearby Kedron Brook. Offered here is a signed 1812 Vermont court document, 8 x 4.5 in. Fine condition.
Condition Report: Fine