Rembrandt Van Rijn, Etching: THE DEATH OF THE VIRGIN(506 views)
An original Rembrandt Van Rijn Etching.
Original etching with drypoint printed in black ink on laid Original etching and drypoint printed in black ink on heavy laid paper bearing an indistinct watermark (Ash/Fletcher 38.C.a; Hinterding 2006 "Words" C.a).
Signed and dated in the plate lower left Rembrandt f.1639
A strong, dark 18th century impression of Bartsch’s third and final state, Usticke and New Hollstein’s fourth state of five, printed after the strengthening of most of the shadow’s with the mezzotint rocker probably by Pierre François Basan circa 1790.
Catalog: Bartsch 99 iii/iii, Hind 161, Biorklund-Barnard 39-A, Usticke 99 iv/v; New Hollstein 173 iv/v.
Size: 16 3/16 x 12 3/8 inches
The death of the Virgin is not mentioned in the New Testament. It is first described in an apocryphal book, and was later elaborated on in such collections of religious stories as the Golden Legend. It seems unlikely, however, that Rembrandt made use of any of the literary versions of the story for this etching, since he includes the apostles, who are not present in the written form of the legend.
Rembrandt depicts the moment of the Virgin's death in a large, dramatic, Baroque composition. His starting point was a stained-glass window of the same subject by Dirck Crabeth in the Oude Kerke in Amsterdam. Several other details are borrowed from two woodcuts by Albrecht Dürer: The Deathbed of the Virgin (Bartsch 93), which supplied Rembrandt with the young man with the staff and other figures on the left side of the composition, and The Birth of the Virgin (B. 80). The doctor taking the Virgin's pulse is an original contribution by Rembrandt, which he derived from the iconography of secular deathbed scenes. The motif of a woman lying in bed may be connected with the studies Rembrandt made in these years of his wife Saskia. The mise-en-scène is also related to Rembrandt's drawing of the death of Jacob.
“The Death of the Virgin” is one of Rembrandt's largest etchings, and it displays the great technical advances he had made during the preceding period. The etching is drawn with great freedom, and has a new richness of nuance, thanks to the extensive use, for the first time, of drypoint.
Condition Report: A few expertly reinforced thin spots in the sheet at the right and lower edges verso, trimmed down to the platemark all around, otherwise in excellent condition.
Image Size: 16 3/16 x 12 3/8 inches
Artist or Maker: Rembrandt Van Rijn
Exhibited: Collections in which impressions of this state of this etching can be found: Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam; Kunstmuseum Basel; Kupferstichkabinett der Staatlichen Museen, Berlin-Dahlem; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Kunsthalle Bremen; Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum; Braunschweig; Cabinst des Estampes, Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, Brussels; Szépmüvészéti Museum, Budapest; Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge; Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University; Kunstsammlungen der Veste, Coburg; Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences, Cracow; Gabinetto disegni e stampe degli Ufizzi, Florence; Graphische Sammlung des Städel Museums, Frankfurt am Main; Teylers Stichting, Haarlem; Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg; Prentenkabinett der Rijksuniversiteit, Leiden; The British Museum, London; Victoria & Albert Museum, London; State Pushkin Museum of Art, Moscow; Staatliche Graphische Sammlung, Munich; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris; Duthuit Collection, Petit Palais, Paris; The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg; Musée Jenisch, Vevey; Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna; Muzeum Narodowe Warszawie, Warsaw, National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.; Kunstsammlungen zu Weimar.
Literature: Christopher White, Rembrandt as an Etcher: A Study of the Artist at Work, Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 1999, no. 46, p. 40 (ill.); Holm Bevers/Peter Schatborn/Barbara Welzel, Rembrandt: the Master in his Workshop, Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 1991, no. 14, p. 205 (ill.); Clifford S. Ackley, Rembrandt's Journey: Painter-Draftsman-Etcher, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 2003, no. 70, p. 137 (ill.); Erik Hinterding, Rembrandt Etchings from the Frits Lugt Collection, Thoth Publishers, Bussum, 2008, no. 83, vol. II p. 95 (ill.); Shelley Perlove/Larry Silver, Rembrandt's Faith: Church and Temple in the Dutch Golden Age, The Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, Pennsylvania, 2009, fig. 23, p. 46 (ill.).